Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic, situated in central Bohemia. Lying along the banks of the River Vltava (Moldau), Prague is a magical city of bridges, towers, church domes and buildings of various style periods. For eleven centuries it has been developing into its present day shape. Prague is, however, a green city, too. Nowadays it covers a total area of 496 square kilometers with almost 1,2 million permanent residents. In 1992 the historical centre with a unique panorama of the Prague Castle was listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Register. Prague is the seat of the top-level legislative, administrative and political bodies of the country – the Parliament, government and President. The most important social, cultural and educational institutions also reside here. “The Magical City”, “Golden Prague”, “The City of One Hundred Towers”, “The Paris of the East” and “The Rome of the North” are some of the common descriptions of Prague. Prague has generally very good connection with all other capitals in Europe via its international airport. It is also an ideal starting point for exploring other countries in Central Europe. Public transportation (underground, trams, buses) is highly developed within the city itself.